Iraqi-British architect Zaha Hadid (1950–2016) left an indelible mark on the architectural landscape. Her striking structures grace the skylines of major metropolitan cities, while her product designs, including furniture, jewelry, lighting, and shoes, can be found in homes around the world.
The boundary-pushing designer—arguably the most famous female architect of her time—received numerous prestigious awards over the course of her career, including the 2004 Pritzker Architecture Prize, the 2010 and 2011 Stirling Prize, the 2014 Design Museum Design of the Year Award for her Heydar Aliyev Cultural Center, and the 2015 RIBA Gold Medal.
Here,we looks back at her amazing contributions to the field, from her futuristic buildings, such as;
Phæno Science Center
The Science Center, the first of its kind in Germany, appears as a mysterious object, giving rise to curiosity and dis-covery. The visitor is faced with a degree of complexity and strangeness, which is ruled however by a very specific system of structural organization.
Located on a very special site in the City of Wolfsburg it is set both as the endpoint of a chain of important cultural buildings (by Aalto, Scharoun and Schweger) as well as being a connecting link to the north bank of the Mittelland Kanal -Volkswagen’s Car Town. Multiple threads of pedestrian and vehicular movement are pulled through the site both on an artificial ground landscape and inside and through the building, effectively composing an interface of movement-paths.
Volumetrically, the building is structured in such a way that it maintains a large degree of transparent and porosity on the ground, since the main volume -the Exhibition- is raised thus covering an outdoor public plaza with a variety of commercial and cultural functions which reside in the structural concrete cones.
An artificial crater-like land-scape is developed inside the open exhibition space allowing diagonal views to the different levels of the exhibition-scape, while volumes, which protrude, accommodate other functions of the science center. A glazed public wormhole-like extension of the existing bridge flows through the building allowing views to and from the exhibition space.
THE BORA RESIDENTIAL TOWER
Commissioned by Mexican developer Némesis Capital in 2015, the new tower will offer a variety of new housing options to the fast-growing neighborhood of Santa Fe, a business district in western Mexico City that is home to 3 universities and the regional offices of high profile tech companies including Microsoft, Apple, Sony, Roche and Amazon.
MAXXI National Museum of the 21st Century Arts, Rome
MAXXI Natoinal Museum of the 21st Century Arts is a multifaceted space dedicated “to experimentation and innovation in the arts and architecture.” In 2010, this building of overlapping tubular forms won the RIBA Stirling Prize for Architecture.
Since then the Guardian has declared it “Hadid’s finest work built to date.” The curling tunnels, wide interior avenues, and intersecting walk ways give the building an aesthetic rhythm rarely seen in architecture today.
Vitra Fire Station, Germany
In 1981, a fire crippled the Vitra Design Campus, about a decade later Hadid was commissioned for the important role of ensuring that this never happened again and the Vitra Fire Station was built. Completed in 1993, this was Hadid’s first realized project and with this small building she made her mark on the world of architecture.
With the soaring planes of deconstructivisim and the interplay of space, void and line, Zaha Hadid has created what will be regarded as a pivotal structure in the career of a great architect.
One Thousand Museum
Zaha Hadid Architects broke ground on the One Thousand Museum in December of 2014, and when it is completed in 2018, it will stand a staggering 62 stories. It’s the first residential skyscraper in the Western hemisphere for the firm and has already been tapped for a PBS documentary entitled Impossible Builds.
The exterior of the building was designed in classic Zaha Hadid style, with thousands of pieces of lightweight concrete reinforced with glass fiber. Inside, there are 83 residential units, including a two-story duplex penthouse, four townhouses, eight full-floor residences, and 70 half-floor units.
One of the half-floor units, which will set you back $7 million and has been scoped out by celebrities like Will Smith, will feature more than 5,500 square feet of living space and boast impressive vistas of Biscayne Bay and Miami Beach. However, once it’s completed, the best view may be of the tower itself.
Categories:Art and Culture